Convert Dynamic Viscosity
|Common Symbol(s)||μ, η|
|SI Unit(s)||kg·m-1·s-1, Pa·s|
|Imperial/US Unit(s)||lb·ft-1·s-1, slug·ft-1·s-1|
|Other Unit(s)||P, cP|
|1 Pa·s in ...||... is equal to ...|
|SI unit(s)||1 kg·m-1·s-1
|Imperial/US unit(s)||0.672 lb·ft-1·s-1
|Other unit(s)||1000 cP|
I want to convert: using
|Pascal second [Pa·s]|
|Kilogram per metre per second [kg/(m·s)]|
|Gram per centimetre per second [g/(cm·s)]|
|Newton second per square metre [N·s/m²]|
|Dyne second per square centimetre [dyne·s/cm²]|
The viscosity of a fluid is a measure of its resistance to gradual deformation by shear stress or tensile stress. For liquids, it corresponds to the informal concept of "thickness"; for example, honey has a much higher viscosity than water.
Viscosity is a property of the fluid which opposes the relative motion between the two surfaces of the fluid in a fluid that are moving at different velocities. When the fluid is forced through a tube, the particles which compose the fluid generally move more quickly near the tube's axis and more slowly near its walls; therefore some stress (such as a pressure difference between the two ends of the tube) is needed to overcome the friction between particle layers to keep the fluid moving. For a given velocity pattern, the stress required is proportional to the fluid's viscosity.
A fluid that has no resistance to shear stress is known as an ideal or inviscid fluid. Zero viscosity is observed only at very low temperatures in superfluids. Otherwise, all fluids have positive viscosity, and are technically said to be viscous or viscid. In common parlance, however, a liquid is said to be viscous if its viscosity is substantially greater than that of water, and may be described as mobile if the viscosity is noticeably less than water. A fluid with a relatively high viscosity, such as pitch, may appear to be a solid.
Use of the Greek letter mu (μ) for the dynamic stress viscosity is common among mechanical and chemical engineers, as well as physicists.
This article uses material from the Wikipedia article "Viscosity", which is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.